Kazahi

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Kazahi
Қазақтар
AbaiPainting.jpg Abylai khan.jpg Kurmangazy 175.jpg USSR stamp Ch.Valikhanov 1965 4k.jpg
Altynsarin.jpg Mashhur Zhusup.jpg Baitursynov.jpg Nursultan Nazarbayev 27092007.jpg
No kreisās:
AbajsAblajs HansKurmangaziValihanovs
AltinsarinsZusupsBajtursinogluNazarbajevs
Visi iedzīvotāji
~14,3 miljoni
Reģioni ar visvairāk iedzīvotājiem

Karogs: Kazahstāna Kazahstāna 10.600.000[1]
Karogs: Uzbekistāna Uzbekistāna 800.000 - 1.100.000[2]
Karogs: Ķīna Ķīna 1.400.000 - 1.500.000[3]
Karogs: Krievija Krievija 654.000[4]
Karogs: Mongolija Mongolija 140.152[5]
Karogs: Turkmenistāna Turkmenistāna 40.000 — 90.000[6]
Karogs: Kirgizstāna Kirgizstāna 38.900[7]
Karogs: Afganistāna Afganistāna 21.000[8]
Karogs: Turcija Turcija 19.000 — 25.000[8]
Karogs: Vācija Vācija 890[8]
Karogs: Tadžikistāna Tadžikistāna 900[9]
Karogs: Irāna Irāna 10.000 — 15.000[8]
Karogs: Ukraina Ukraina 5.526[10]

Karogs: Baltkrievija Baltkrievija 1.239[11]
Valodas
kazahu valoda
Reliģijas
vairums musulmaņi
Radnieciskas etniskas grupas
Tjurku valodās runājošie: turki, turkmēņi, azerbaidžāņi, uzbeki, kirgīzi, tatāri, jakuti, čuvaši, baškīri, karakalpaki, tuvieši, altajieši, hakasi, karačajieši, nogajieši, kumiki, gagauzi un uiguri.

Kazahi (kazahu: Қазақтар IPA: [qɑzɑqtɑ́r]) ir tjurku tauta un Kazahstānas pamatiedzīvotāji, kā arī mazākumtautība atsevišķos citu valstu rajonos Centrālāzijas ziemeļos.

Kazahi ir cēlušies no tjurku (kipčaki, naimani, nogajieši, karluki, kankali u.c.),[12] mongoļu, indoirāņu un huņņu ciltīm, kas 5. — 13. gadsimtā apdzīvoja teritorijas starp Sibīriju un Melno jūru.[6]

Kazahu skaita izmaiņas Latvijā (1897-2011)[labot šo sadaļu | labot pirmkodu]

Deklarētā tautība 1897 1920 1925 1930 1935 1959 1970 1979 1989 2000 2011
kazahi 6 0 0 0 0 143 523 447 1 044 258 241


Atsauces[labot šo sadaļu | labot pirmkodu]

  1. Estimation based on Kazakh population share of 65% (Kzakhstan President's Speech in the Kazakhstan Parliament 2009-09-01) and 16.3 mln total population according to the preliminary results of the 2009 National Census
  2. Kazakh population share was constant at 4.1% in 1959-1989 (CIA estimates) and declined to 3% in 1996. Official Uzbekistan estimation (E. Yu. Sadovskaya «Migration in Kazakhstan in the beginning of XXI century: main tendentions and perspectives»ISBN 9965-593-01-9) in 1999 was 940,600 Kazakhs or 3.8% of total population. If Kazakh population share was stable at about 4.1% (not taking into account the massive repatriation of ethnic Kazakhs (oralman) to Kazakhstan) and the Uzbekistan population in the middle of 2008 was 27.3 mln, the Kazakh population would be 1.1 mln. Using the CIA estimate of the share of Kazakhs (3%), the total Kazakh population in Uzbekistan would be 0.8 mln
  3. Census 2000 counts 1.25 mln Kazakhs[1], later the Kazakh population had higher birth rate, but some assimilation processes were present too. Estimations made after the 2000 Cesus are claiming Kazakh population share growth (was 0,104 % in 2000), but even if this share value was preserved at 0.104% level it would be no less than 1.4 mln in 2008
  4. 2002 Census ethnic composition data, in 2003-2008 Kazakhstan national statistics noted the oralman (ethnic Kazakhs) repatriation to Kazakhstan
  5. Ethnic composition of the Mongolian population in 2007, Mongolian government 2007. Retrieved on 6 April 2009
  6. In 1995 Kazakh poulation was 86,987 [2] or 1.94 % population total. Later was a massive pepartriation of ethnic Kazakh population (oralman) to Kazakhstan: 22,000 before 2001 and 38,000-40,000 in 2001—2007. Press reports are claiming [3],[4],[5] the most part of Kazakhs had left Turkmenistan
  7. National Statistical Committee of Kyrgyzstan. 2008 estimation
  8. 8,0 8,1 8,2 8,3 The Kazakh Diasporas: Kazakh Ministry of Culture and Information (krieviski). Retrieved on 6 April 2009
  9. Results of the 2000 population census in Tajikistan. Retrieved on 6 April 2009
  10. Ukrainian population census 2001: Distribution of population by nationality. Retrieved on 23 April 2009
  11. Belarus population census 1999: National composition of the population. Retrieved on 23 April 2009
  12. Z. V. Togan: The Origins of the Kazaks and the Ozbeks, Central Asian Survey Vol. 11, No. 3. 1992

Ārējās saites[labot šo sadaļu | labot pirmkodu]